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Bogachenko Alexеy

Some compositional techniques for heirmoi of stolp singing with Christ’s nativity canon as an example


Bogachenko Alexеy (2020) "Some compositional techniques for heirmoi of stolp singing with Christ’s nativity canon as an example ", Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia V : Voprosi istorii i teorii hristianskogo iskusstva, 2020, vol. 37, pp. 46-80 (in Russian).

DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturV202037.46-80

Abstract

This article identifies and describes compositional techniques in the heirmoi of the Stolp singing (Russ. столповой распев) from the 1st canon of Christ’s Nativity in the naon version (наонная редакция), echos 1. The compositional techniques used in the heirmos chant are related to the text and play a formative role, being structural and binding elements between the heirmoi of the canon as a liturgical and singing cycle. The connection with the text is implemented at the levels of correlation between the syntagmatic plan of the text (dividing the text of the hymn into individual words, word combinations, phrases) and the centonic structure of the tunes (dividing into individual motifs, “popevkas” (попевки), melodic lines) and the proportion of larger semantic constructions (text lines, stanzas) with relevant musical structures (sections). The most notable compositional techniques are sound imaging, “musical antithesis”, melodic and graphic markings of signifi cant words in the text of the heirmoi, intonational-melodic arches, architectonic symmetry, pairing of melodic lines, duplication of motifs (intonations) inside text-melodic lines, the principle of mirroring in the combination of “popevkas”. Special attention should be paid to the regularities of the syllabic and rhythmic structure in some heirmoi which were revealed due to the analysis of the textual and musical form. They are present in the “naon” version (i.e. taking into account the vocalisations of the letters ъ and ь). Further research in this area will help to fi nd new facets in the compositional techniques of Stolp singing of heirmoi in the “naon” version.

Keywords

Nativity of Christ, Stolp singing, heirmos, “Khristos razhdayetsya”, first echos, canon, composition

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Information about the author

Bogachenko Alexеy


Student status: Graduate student;
Place of study: Academy of Choral Art named after V. S. Popov; 2 Festivalnaya Str., Moscow, 125565, Russian Federation;
ORCID: 0000-0002-3306-6626;
Email: Alex_musicus@mail.ru.