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Dayanov Rafael; Zalmanzon Anna

Historical iconostases of the Сhurch of the Nativity in Peski


Zalmanzon Anna, Dayanov Rafael (2019) "Historical iconostases of the Shurch of the Nativity in Peski ", Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia V : Voprosi istorii i teorii hristianskogo iskusstva, 2019, vol. 36, pp. 131-150 (in Russian).

DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturV201936.131-150

Abstract

This article studies the history of the church of the Nativity in Peski, St. Petersburg, which is now being built again, and, particularly, its iconostases. The church was built in 1798 in place of the previous decrepit building designed by architect Petr Egorov and was several times renovated and rebuilt. Drawing on drafts and other documents, the article gives a detailed history of the original iconostases, many of which have been identifi ed for the fi rst time, reconstructs their exterior and specifi es the datings. It securely establishes the authorship of the original main iconostasis of the church designed by architect I. E. Starov. Of particular interest is the letter exchange of 1790 related to the tender for making the iconostasis and, in paricular, the requirements in the “obligation” of master Petr Makarov. The article also contains a detailed historical and art-critical description, data about the expenditure on the construction, plots and history of the icons, it compares the iconostases of compartments of the church, their stylistic features. It gives a description of the renovation of the iconostasis carried out in 1851 under the guidance of architects A. I. Shvetsov and V. F. Nebol’sin. In the same year, the new iconostasis designed by academician F. G. Soltsev was installed, and the old were dismantled. The authors of the article argue that the iconostases by Starov and Egorov, presented in the preserved drafts, better corresponded to the architectural style of the church than Solntsev’s iconostasis, known from photographs.

Keywords

church architecture, iconostases, architects P. Egorov, I. E. Starov, F. G. Solntsev, church of the Nativity in Peski, icons, symbols

References

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Information about the author

Dayanov Rafael


Place of work: Saint-Petersburg State Academic Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture; 17 Universitetskaya Naberezhnaya, St Petersburg 199034, Russian Federation;
Post: Senior Lecturer, Department of Architecture;
Email: raf_dayanov@mail.ru.

Zalmanzon Anna


Place of work: “Baltiyskaya restavratsionnaya kollegiya”; 130-a-207 Naberezhnaya kanala Griboedova, St. Petersburg 190021, Russian Federation;
Post: Researcher;
Email: zalmanzon@mail.ru.