Humanism and urban schools in Italy of the 15th century
Revyakina Nina (2019)
"Humanism and urban schools in Italy of the 15th century ",
Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta.
Seriia IV : Pedagogika. Psihologiia
pp. 94-109 (in Russian).
DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturIV201955.94-109
This article studies the state of the Italian urban school of the 15th century, i.e. the wide spread of education in cities of Italy, attitude of parents and urban authorities to school and education, the state of the teachers, the pay for their work, help from the city, preservation of the mediaeval educational curricilum and methods of upbringing. The article identifies the beginning of a gradual transformation of the mediaeval school, the penetration of the humanists’ ideas through teachers of grammar and public lecturers (among the latter are Giovanni Andrea Bussi, Ognibene da Lonigo, the disciples of the prominent educationalist and humanist Vittorino da Feltre), renewal of the school curriculum by means of including classical authors, poetry, art of public speaking. The article shows the appearance of teachers of the “new type” at school (Giovanni Aurispa and others), the humanists’ discussion in their texts about the school (Giovanni Conversini da Ravenna, Maff eo Vegio) of new principles and methods of education and moral upbringing. The article also highlights the degree of the infl uence of humanism on the Italian urban school.
school, student, teacher, mediaeval school curricilum, humanism, education, upbringing, attitude of parents to student’s education, educational politics of urban authorities, humanists’ infl uence at school
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Information about the author
Revyakina Nina Academic Degree:
Doctor of Sciences*
in History; Academic Rank:
Professor; Place of work:
Ivanovo State University; 39 Ermaka Str., Ivanovo 153377, Russian Federation; Post:
Research and Educational Centre for Integration of Research and Education; ORCID: 0000-0002-8263-3711
*According to ISCED 2011, a post-doctoral degree called Doctor of Sciences (D.Sc.) is given to reflect second advanced research qualifications or higher doctorates.