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Frolov Dmitrii

Stone in the Gospel of Matthew


Frolov Dmitrii, Moiseeva Sof'ia, (2016) "Stone in the Gospel of Matthew ", Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia III : Filologiia, 2016, vol. 49, pp. 96-116 (in Russian).

DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturIII201649.96-116

Abstract

The article deals with the image of stone in the Gospel of Matthew against the background of the Old Testament. Textual analysis is combined in the article with the attention paid to the early and medieval exegetical tradition. The search for the intertextual relations between the Old and the New Testament proved very fruitful in respect to the notion of stone which has great and multifaceted symbolic value in the Tanakh. It is a chosen substance symbolically related to the genesis of the chosen people, it is a special matter for building the Temple, the monument, etc. Most stone contexts in Matthew, and their number is the greatest among the Gospels, belong to one of the semantical groups: stone — the people, stone — temptation, stone — foundation, stone — Christ, stone — the key to the typology. The basis for the symbolic meaning of stone in Matthew, as could be predicted, lies in the Old Testament although a lot of motifs taken from undergo a process of re-symbolization so as to fit in the Christian ideology. The study shows that stone contexts in the Gospel are not separate units but form a kind of mosaic picture where one item supports and explains the others. Two ideas already crystallized in Matthew — “live” stones and succession of Testaments — form it seems the center of the symbolical value of the image of stone in the New Testament although it is not limited to them.

Keywords

the Gospel of Matthew, New Testament, Old Testament, the Bible, stone, rock, image, motif, symbolic value, context, interpretation, exegetics

References


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Information about the author

Frolov Dmitrii