The article is studing the revolts of the Egyptian Christians against the Arabic power in the 8th and 9th centuries. In general uprisings weren’t typical for the history of the Christian East under the Muslim rule. Nevertheless more than 6 Coptic riots were recorded between 725 and 831. The cradle of many of these insurrections was marshy region Bashmur in the Lower Delta. This area was inhabited by ethnic group of Bashmurites which had unique type of economy and evident linguistic and ethnic diﬀerences from the other Egyptian Christians. The reasons of the Coptic risings were economic, not religious. Sometimes Egyptian Christians and Muslims rose together against heavy taxation. The article analyses course and results of the Coptic riots, especially the largest ones of 750 and 831. The well trained Muslim armies forced to ﬁght among marshes and lakes, in the landscape absolutely unfamiliar for them, often were defeated by small and ill-equipped groups of rebels. However the revolts had no perspectives because Bashmurites were deprived of the adequate political elite. The Coptic Church hierarchy and the secular elite were completely loyal to the Caliphate. The Patriarchs condemned the peasant revolts. The defeat of the last uprising was followed by radical ethnic cleaning and deportation of the remnants of the Bashmurites out of Egypt. The failure of the revolts caused the moral crisis of the Coptic community and the increasing Islamization.
the Copts, Egypt, the Christian Orient, Umayyads, Abbasids, Arabic Caliphate, Bashmuric revolts, the Christian-Muslim relations
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