The paper examines certain issues of text pragmatics. They are dealt with in the perspective of “oﬀ-side pragmatics”, whose objective is the study of relationships between the image of reality and the text, as well as the study of mechanisms of creating texts. The text is regarded as the result of the author’s comprehension of reality. This process corresponds to the relevance as it is understood by D. Wilson and D. Sperber, the only diﬀerence being that it lacks the ostensive stimulus. If the traditional pragmatics considers the statement which is known to be true, the “oﬀ-side pragmatics” deals with texts whose verity is not evident. The object of our study is a fragment from Ptolemy’s Almagest in which he describes his cosmogonic model. This text is considered in the light of the conception of possible worlds, each of which is represented by its own narrative. Ptolemy’s aim is to balance the narrative of the observer located on the Earth and the narrative of the observer looking at the Universe from outside. The paper analyses the way how these narratives are generated. The narrative of the observer who is located on the Earth is produced in the direction from the obvious to the global, whereas narratives of other observers are produced in the opposite direction. Ptolemy rejects a range of possible narratives that contradict the initial narrative and selects the single one which corresponds to the narrative of the observer placed on the Earth. Therefore, the main process in the communication between the individual and reality is inference, as it does lead to the understanding of reality; its reﬂection in the text makes up the content of the paper.
pragmatics, narrative, text linguistics, inference, reality, non-ﬁ ction text, relevance, theory of relevance, possible worlds
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