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Savinov Rodion

Problem of Systematisation in Protestant Scholasticism


Savinov Rodion (2016) "Problem of Systematisation in Protestant Scholasticism ", Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia I : Bogoslovie. Filosofiia. Religiovedenie, 2016, vol. 67, pp. 59-70 (in Russian).

DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturI201667.59-70

Abstract

The paper proposed an model of the phenomenon of Protestant Scholasticism, based on the description of the scholastic method of systematization. Proceeding from the thesis that the scholastic is (primarily) a systematic knowledge, indicate characteristics of this phenomenon, and the most important thinkers and their writings, and contribution to the development of the scientific systematization, which understood as a method of formation of the internal unity of the construction in various level and content. For Medieval and Post-Medieval Catholic scholasticism this principle was Corpus Aristotelicum, which basis evolved philosophical «courses» of the Dominicans, Franciscans, Jesuits and other religious thinkers. This way shaped method of intertextual reconstruction of order tradition. The Protestant scholasticism in the following Corpus Aristotelicum was taboo (Luther, Calvin almost completely denied the positive significance of Aristotle), bringing Protestants faced with the problem of the formation of new principles of systematization. Orthodox Lutherans and Calvinists thought initially offered a way to organize system of knowledge, well founded key theological principles (authority of Scripture, distinguish on God and the world, etc.). From these principles came Amand Polanus Nikolas Taurellus, Klemens Timpler. On the other hand, it took the form of an attempt to create a systematization that would give space for problems, it doesn’t directly follow from the confessional dogmatic. These efforts have made Rudolph Goclenius, developed a form of philosophical vocabulary and the philosophical principle of antinomy, and Balthasar Meissner, who created a kind of «meccano» that allows you to reconstruct both the theological and philosophical discourse than has significantly expanded the content of Protestant scholasticism. These facts allow to consider the Protestant scholasticism as a specific intellectual culture, reflecting the major tendencies of the Early Modern.

Keywords

Scholasticism, Protestantism, Early Modern, Philosophy, Theology, systematization, Polanus, Taurellus, Timpler, Goclenius, Meissner.

References


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Information about the author

Savinov Rodion


Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Philosophy;
Place of work: Saint-Petersburg State Academy of Veterinary Medicine;
Email: email: savrodion@yandex.ru.

*According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.

Acknowledgments

Статья подготовлена в рамках проекта «Свобода и субъективность в реформационном учении Мартина Лютера и в философии Нового времени» (грант РГНФ No 16-03-0009