D'iachenko Galina

St. Gregory of Nyssa’s Doctrine of Human Word

D'iachenko Galina (2016) "St. Gregory of Nyssa’s Doctrine of Human Word ", Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia I : Bogoslovie. Filosofiia. Religiovedenie, 2016, vol. 67, pp. 9-23 (in Russian).

DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturI201667.9-23


In this article the relevance of the Orthodox dogmatics for linguistics and wider for the Humanities is demonstrated. The st. Gregory of Nyssa’s resolution of the problem of word (λ6γος) is that corresponding to the contemporary anthropocentric linguistics’ requests metaphysical platform which allows to develop the adequate for language facts theoretical model and concretize the methodology and the practice of their analysis. The author ascertains the central role of st. Gregory’s analogy from human word to Divine Word for clearing up the specifics of our word. This analogy allowed him to point out the unity of human mind (νοDς) and word ‘in nature’ (κατa τi νφUσιν) and the diff erence of them ‘in subject’ (τQ Uποκειμ£νC). On this base the researcher gives the definition of word as a manifestation of mind in name. The non-hypostatic status of word that does not exist separately from mind is also characterized in the article. This fact has a decisive signifi cance for determining by linguistics of its own subject of research. The complex perceptive-expressive ability of human mind acting as a word is shown. Besides, the cognitive etiology of name is analyzed. According to st. Gregory, name is an ‘image’ (τUπος) for thought. The semantic relation between name and thought is defined as a connection of manifestation (φαν£ρωσις) that is the correspondence in image. The author notes the need for more detailed conceptualization of the linguistic consequences from st. Gregory’s theological-philosophical doctrine of word, which have high importance for the whole humanitarian thought.


word(λόγος),mind(νοῦς),name(ὄνομα),image of the name(τύπος),the mental image(εἶδος),manifestation (φανέρ&#


1. Alpatov V. M. Ob antropotsentrichnom i sistemotsentrichnom podkhodakh k iazyku, in Voprosy iazykoznaniia. 1993. № 3. pp. 15–26.
2. Vdovichenko A. V. Grekoiazychnye bibleiskie teksty v predmetnoi i diskursivnoi modeliakh opisaniia. Dis. d-r. filol. nauk po spets-tiam 10.02.19 — Teoriia iazyka i 10.02.14 — Klassicheskaia filologiia. Moscow, 2013.
3. Vdovichenko A. V. «Primyshlenie» i «porozhdenie»: Evnomii i kappadokiitsy o sovremennykh problemakh filosofii iazyka, in Iazykovye parametry sovremennoi tsivilizatsii: Sb. trudov pervoi nauchnoi konferentsii pamiati akademika RAN Iu. S. Stepanova / V. Z. Dem'iankov, N. M. Azarova, V. V. Feshchenko, S. Iu. Bochaver, red. Moscow, 2013. pp. 314–321.
4. Vdovichenko A. V. Rasstavanie s «iazykom»: Kriticheskaia retrospektiva lingvisticheskogo znaniia. Moscow, 2009.
5. Dem'iankov V. Z. Dominiruiushchie lingvisticheskie teorii v kontse XX v., in Iazyk i nauka kontsa XX veka: Sb. st. Moscow, 1995. pp. 239–320.
6. Karfikova L. Imena i veshchi soglasno Evnomiiu Kizicheskomu i Grigoriiu Nisskomu / I. G. Bei, per, in Ε3ναι: Problemy filosofii i teologii. 2012. № 1 (001). pp. 282–306.
7. Kubriakova E. S. Paradigmy nauchnogo znaniia v lingvistike i ee sovremennyi status, in Izvestiia RAN. Seriia literatury i iazyka. 1994. T. 53. № 2. pp. 3–15.
8. Nesmelov V. I. Dogmaticheskaia sistema sviatogo Grigoriia Nisskogo. Kazan', 1887.
9. Stepanov Iu. S. Iazyk i metod. K sovremennoi filosofii iazyka. Moscow, 1998.
10. Troitskii S. V. Uchenie sv. Grigoriia Nisskogo ob imenakh Bozhiikh i imiabozhniki / A. Kovtun, K. Shakhbazian, sost. Krasnodar, 2002.
11. Pottier B. Dieu et le Christ selon Gregoirede Nysse. Etude systematique du «Contre Eunome» avec traduction inedite des axtraits d’Eunome. Namur, 1994.

Information about the author

D'iachenko Galina

Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Philology;
Email: emIL: galya.dyachenko@gmail.com.

*According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.