/

Ohme Heinz

Karl Beth and Karl Holl: two Pioneers in the Field of Comparative Religious Studies and their Work at the Theological Faculty of Berlin in Regard to Orthodox Christianity


Ohme Heinz (2015) "Karl Beth and Karl Holl: two Pioneers in the Field of Comparative Religious Studies and their Work at the Theological Faculty of Berlin in Regard to Orthodox Christianity ", Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia I : Bogoslovie. Filosofiia, 2015, vol. 62, pp. 23-34 (in Russian).

DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturI201562.23-34

Abstract

The author examines the work of two German Protestant researchers who were active at the cusp of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Both were able to make a noticeable contribution to the field of Orthodox Christian studies. In spite of the fact that many Protestants viewed Eastern Orthodoxy as an almost pagan religion or as one hopelessly outdated and benighted, they were able to overcome these prejudices and study Orthodoxy from within through direct contact with Orthodox Christians themselves. Karl Beth travelled extensively around the Eastern Mediterranean and saw with his own eyes the lives of Orthodox Christians lived in conformity with the Gospel message reflecomparative rcted in their participation in the rites of the sacred liturgy. Karl Holl studied Russian Orthodoxy in depth through his reading of the Russian classics in the original language and their deeply religious thematic. This experience enabled both of these men to overcome the prejudices then rampant among German Protestants in regard to Eastern Orthodox Christians.

Keywords

Karl Beth, Karl Holl, comparative religious studies, Eastern Christianity, Orthodoxy, Orthodox Liturgy. Orthodox Theology, religious experience, Russian culture, spirituality, Eucharist, religious syncretism

References


1. Benz E. Die Ostkirche im Lichte der protestantischen Geschichtsschreibung von der Reformation bis zur Gegenwart, Freiburg; München, 1952.
2. Die Religionswissenschaft der Gegenwart in Selbstdarstellungen, Leipzig, 1926.
3. Elliger W. 150 Jahre Theologische Fakultät Berlin, Berlin, 1960.
4. Holl K. (ed.) Epiphanius: Ancoratus und Panarion, Berlin, 1933.
5. Harnack A. von. Das Wesen des Christentums, Gütersloh, 1999.
6. Harnack A. von. Das Wesen des Christentums, Leipzig, 1900.
7. Harnack A. von. 1916 “Der Geist der morgenländischen Kirche im Unterschied von der abendländischen“, in Idem. Aus der Friedens- und Kriegsarbeit, Gießen, 1916, pp. 101–140.
8. Herder J. G. V. Ideen zur Philosophie der Geschichte der Menschheit XVII. 3, Frankfurt, 1989.
9. Kattenbusch F. Lehrbuch der vergleichenden Confessionskunde, Freiburg, 1892, vol. 1.
10. Lilie R.-J. Byzanz. Kaiser und Reich, Köln, 1994.
11. Schneider E. 1953 “Das Lebenswerk Karl Beths“, in Theologische Literaturzeitung, 1953, vol. 78, pp. 695–704.
12. Stupperich R. 1972 “Karl Holls Oststudien und ihr Einfluß auf sein politisches Denken“, in Historische Zeitschrift, 1972, vol. 215, pp. 345–367.
13. Wallmann J. 1978 “Karl Holl und seine Schule“, in Zeitschrift für Theologie und Kirche, 1978, vol. 4, pp. 1–33.

Information about the author

Ohme Heinz