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Dzoffoli Sara

Man is Openness. Henri de Lubac and his Criticism of the Dualistic Split between the Natural and Supernatural


Dzoffoli Sara (2015) "Man is Openness. Henri de Lubac and his Criticism of the Dualistic Split between the Natural and Supernatural ", Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia I : Bogoslovie. Filosofiia, 2015, vol. 61, pp. 27-37 (in Russian).

DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturI201561.27-37

Abstract

In the article we propose an interpretation by H. de Lubac of the limits of Catholic theology and philosophy (the theory of the “two levels”), that fail to attribute enough importance to the category of “openness of man to otherness”, which lies at the core of the Catholic concept of “person”. The French theologian first cleared the dangerous reduction of dualism between natural and supernatural. For this reason at the beginning of his career he was accused of trying to create a nouvelle théologie (new theology) different from neo-thomism, which in the first half of the 20th century was at the peak of its development and diff usion. According to de Lubac, it is necessary to go back to the teachings of the Fathers of the Church in order to open anew a vivifying bond between thought and life: he defended the thought of the Fathers and Thomas Aquinas about a dynamic link between human nature and divine life. De Lubac achieved this by studying the trait of “openness”: he speaks about a mysterious desire, that is an ineradicable part of human nature that strives for the eternal and doesn’t compel God to give an answer. This sublime characteristic of human nature, that reveals the inscrutable depth of its essence, is disclosed through an apophatic method and highlights a necessity, experienced only by the finest and deepest minds of Catholicism: the necessity of avoiding the transformation of Christianity into a rigid, monolithic system of abstract truths.

Keywords

de Lubac, openness, Catholicism, dualism, human being, supernatural, neo-Thomism, Thomas Aquinas, desire, apophatism.

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Information about the author

Dzoffoli Sara