This article examines the Moscow period of the activity of I.A. Il’in and especially his philosophical study entitled On Kindness. The distinguishing particularity of this study is the fact that Il’in used the methods of the descriptive psychology of Wilhelm Dilthey and of the sociology of Georg Simmel. The author investigates the type of infl uence and to what degree the works of Dilthey and Simmel influenced the method of Il’in. He concludes that Il’in, following the methods proposed by these two thinkers, was able to compose a brilliant analysis of the phenomenon of kindness. The author also examines the personal reasons why Il’in might have chosen to try this psychological-sociological experiment. He concludes that Il’in was motivated to attempt this study after refl ecting on his own personality and character. It is known that Il’in himself was known for his self-assuredness and his hot temper, both of which influenced the way he interacted with colleagues and the cultural elite of his own time. This article reconstructs the activity of Il’in in both its theoretical and personal aspects through one of the main works of his Moscow period. It also examines Il’in’s own method of scientifi c research.
I. Ilyin, W. Diltey, G. Simmel, S. Freud, the Moscow’s period of creativity of I. Ilyin, courtesy, descriptive psychology, social diff erentiation
1. Dil’tej ej V. Opisatel’naja psihologĳa (Descriptive psychology). Saint-Petersburg, 1996.
2. Evlampiev I. I. Bozhestvennoe i chelovecheskoe v filosofii Ivana Il’ina (Divine and human in I. Ilyin’s philosophy). Saint-Petersburg, 1998.
3. Zimmel’ G. Social’naja differenciacĳa: Sociologicheskie i psihologicheskie issledovanĳa (Social differentiation: sociological and psychological studies). Мoscow, 1909.
4. Evlampiev I. I. (ed.). I. A. Il’in: pro et contra (I. Ilyin: pro et contra). Saint-Petersburg, 2004.